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A Persian BibikAbad rug repair

In the last post I talked about Hamadan, Hamadan rugs, and some information about their weave and structure. I have here today a rug for repair from Hamadan. You remember that Hamadan rugs come in lots of different designs mostly named after the name of village, or city they have been woven.

This rug here is called BibikAbad. Bibikabad is the name of small city about 40 miles from Hamadan. Same as other Hamadan rugs; Bibikabad is woven using turkish knot and single weft. wefts are thick, and in general they have low density weave texture. BibikAbad rugs have a unique characteristic. Their knotting structure is different from other turkish knot rugs. Here I like to give a brief description of  turkish knots. In general handmade rugs are made using persian knot or turkish knot.

Since I’m talking about Hamadan -Bibikabad- rug here, I explain turkish knot. To make a turkish rug, wool is wrapped around two string of warps and both tips come out from between those two warps as you see in this picture. The yellow strings are warps. This is what you see in all rugs with turkish knot. Warps can be silk, wool, cotton as well as the pile. But the structure would be the same. Two warps for each knot. Now back to our BibikAbad Rug. They also have turkish knot, however the unique feature is that the weaver sometimes would use three or even four warps for making a knot. Any combination of 2 warps for left loop 1 warp for right loop, vise versa, or 2 warps to 2 warps. This will make the knots not to align in one column if you pay attention.  And also the back of the rug will look full. This covers warps to some extent. This is a identifier for Bibikabad rugs.

Back weave of BibikAbad rug